American Psychiatric Association
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The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th Edition (DSM-5), is a manual published by the American Psychiatric Association that provides standardized criteria for the diagnosis and classification of mental disorders.
The DSM-5 includes descriptions of all recognized mental disorders, along with criteria for diagnosis, differential diagnosis, and associated features. The manual is organized into sections based on different categories of mental disorders, including:
Neurodevelopmental disorders, such as autism spectrum disorder and intellectual disability
Schizophrenia spectrum and other psychotic disorders
Bipolar and related disorders
Obsessive-compulsive and related disorders
Trauma- and stressor-related disorders, such as post-traumatic stress disorder
Somatic symptom and related disorders
Substance-related and addictive disorders
Neurocognitive disorders, such as Alzheimer’s disease and traumatic brain injury
The DSM-5 is widely used by mental health professionals, researchers, and insurance companies to diagnose and treat mental disorders. It is also used for research purposes to study the prevalence, causes, and treatment of mental illnesses. However, the DSM-5 has been subject to criticism and controversy, particularly around the validity and reliability of its diagnostic categories.